Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD)---is a term that means that the baby’s head or body is too large to pass safely through the mother’s pelvis, or the mother’s pelvis is too small to deliver a normal-sized baby. Normal presentation is anterior (face-down). Giving birth can be one of the most painful experiences in a woman’s life, yet the long-term effects that trauma can have on millions of … Advanced maternal age can be a risk factor for some birth defects. In addition to the medical terminology there are also anatomical illustrations that include body planes and directional terms. Start studying Medical Terminology Chapter 11: Pregnancy and Childbirth. Postpartum: The period after childbirth. ; Apgar scoring: Rating system measuring newborn babies’ general condition on a scale from 1 to 10.; Cephalic delivery: Normal childbirth when the head comes first.When the head doesn’t appear first, it’s called “breech position.” Contractions: Muscles of the uterus contracting before birth, … Post-Term: Pregnancy lasting more than 42 weeks. Gravidity in biology These pages include full terms, prefixes, suffixes, and root words. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Vaginal delivery is the most common and safest type of childbirth. Natural childbirth emphasizes an unrushed, supported process, with minimal interference and less invasive monitoring. Puerperal fever is childbirth (or childbed) fever due to an infection usually of the placental site within the uterus. Terms such as "gravida 0", referring to a nulligravida, "gravida 1" for a primigravida, and so on, can also be used. Women who prefer unassisted childbirth often attend classes to learn what to expect and how to be prepared. Puerperium: The time immediately after the delivery of a baby. The term "elderly primigravida" has also been used to refer to a woman in their first pregnancy, who is at least 35 years old. Other Obstetrical Terms. However, concerns about the effect of midwife-attended home births on neonatal health were raised by an analysis of nearly 14 million singleton, full-term births, from 2007-2010, of infants of normal weight. If that infection involves the bloodstream, it constitutes puerperal sepsis. (In Latin a "puerpera" is a woman in childbirth since "puer" means child and "parere" means to give birth.) Learn about how and why it’s done, and what it feels like. Preterm: Babies born earlier than 37 weeks. Natural childbirth at home was the normal (and only) childbirth delivery option until about 75 years ago. 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