Do not use crutches that do not match or are too short. Use caution when you walk on ice or snow. Have someone guard you as you learn to use stairs. They can cause back pain and falls. Crutches are awkward, they make your palms sore, they fall over when you try to lean them against the bench top, they are with us for what feels like an eternity (yes six weeks can feel that long) – and it’s a shame that the safe use of crutches is often left to the user to work out themselves. Hold the top of the crutches tightly to your sides, and use your hands to absorb the weight. Get up slowly to a sitting or standing position. If you have any further questions, please speak to a physiotherapist caring for you. A guard stands below you. Make sure the crutches are safe to use by checking the wing nuts are tight and that the crutch tips (the rubber stoppers at the bottom of the crutches) are securely attached and not worn. Let your arm hang down relaxed. Be safe going up and down stairs. To use your crutches, you need to learn a new gait, or way to walk. Use your arms for support. Here's how to use crutches on the stairs: Approach the stairs and have your therapist stand by for safety until confident of abilities. On stairs without a railing: follow the instructions for going up and down stairs, … Going Up Stairs If there is no handrail, use both crutches and lead with the good leg. Using elbow crutches will help you to get around during your recovery. Always use an elevator if one is available. Forearm crutches, sometimes referred to as elbow crutches, have a cuff that goes around your forearm (and sometimes elbow or wrist) to offer support. This information reinforces the advice from your physiotherapist on how to use them . Crutches: How to Use The following page will outline things to look for when getting crutches for your child, and instructions for how they should get around using crutches, depending on their level of injury. With the crutches and operated leg on the lower step, step up with your un-operated leg. To help it heal and to prevent pain, you need to keep all your weight off it. If you have had an injury, a surgery, or a procedure on your leg or foot, it may need time to heal. If you have any further questions, please speak to a physiotherapist caring for you. With good techniques and some patience, you can master the art of going up and down the stairs using crutches. The main factor while climbing stairs on your crutches is to maintain your balance properly. Your doctor or therapist will tell you how much weight you can put on your leg. This is used in most cases where one leg is fine and another one is restricted to use. 2. Stand up straight! Using crutches or a cane on stairs or steps can be a very scary concept. If you are unable to bear any weight on your leg or foot, you may have to use crutches. Prior to receiving your elbow crutches, you will have been assessed by a physiotherapist of a health care practitioner, who will have ensured the crutches are safe for use and measured them to your specific height requirements. Move the injured leg toward the halfway point, not all the way to the front of the walker. How to Use Crutches 1/4 . Put both crutches under the arm away from the railing (or hold as in the diagram below) and use both crutches as one. The first option is suitable for those cases when the stairs have reliable railings. It supports walking or climbing receiving pressure of specific portion of the body. Go down stairs with your injured foot in front of you. He or she holds your belt (or a special “gait belt” you can borrow or buy) to assist you if you lose your balance. Crutches are often used after a leg injury, but you need to know how to use them properly. The crutches act as the support for one less leg and shift the weight elsewhere. Elbow crutches are used as mobility aids to assist with balance, take pressure off the legs and improve confidence when walking. Forearm crutches have a flexible cuff that goes around the arm just below the elbow. Forearm Crutches: Forearm crutches are also known as elbow crutches. 2. Fitting Your Child With Crutches For crutches to be safe, they must be measured to fit your child properly. 3. Forearm crutches, sometimes known as elbow crutches, are usually the best choice for children. you can put weight through your leg as normal. Crutches are used to help the injured person walk when the foot is broken. Your doctor should adjust your crutches to fit you and show you how to use them. Move the affected leg to just behind the crutches and step the good leg forward to just beyond the crutches. use crutches. A gripper in the middle helps to balance of upper portion of the crutch. Place a crutch in the armpit on the opposite side of the railing. ©Thinkstock, 2015 When standing up straight, the top of your crutches should be about 1-2 inches below your armpits. There has a flexible round shaped brace at the top. A way to remember is “The good go to heaven, the bad go to hell.” Going up stairs 1. Full Weight Bearing You are allowed to put full weight through your affected (operated/injured) leg i.e. Making Sure the Crutches Fit 1. Keep your elbow bent when the crutch is in place under your arm. How to walk with elbow crutches This leaflet aims to guide you on how to walk with elbow crutches. Here are a few tips to help you get safely up and down the stairs with crutches or a cane. Stairs If it is essential to use the stairs and you have not been advised otherwise, try Don't let the tops of the crutches press into your armpits. Your child is now ready to walk on their crutches as they have been shown. Using the stairs with your elbow crutches If you need to use the stairs at home you may be taught how to go up and down the stairs by a physiotherapist before you are discharged from hospital. Full and partial weight bearing style of walking Going up stairs 1. 4 Point Gait. Stairs: Where possible use the handrail and 1 crutch to complete stairs. Arrange the crutches into a ‘H’ shape 3. Using crutches will help you get around without putting any weight on your leg. Then put one crutch under each arm. Move to the front of your chair 2. When walking using crutches it is important that they fit properly and that you use them correctly. Walking up stairs. Using elbow crutches You have been given crutches to help you move around. Crutches may also improve mobility and walking technique. It will take a little time to get used to the crutches and so it is important you try not to rush. This handout gives instructions on how to safely use crutches to help your recovery and healing. Tip: Ask a friend to carry one of your crutches while you climb or descend stairs. Climbing stairs with crutches is possible with one support or two at once. Never try to climb stairs … The handgrips of the crutches should be even with the top of your hip line. How to use elbow crutches on stairs with a rail This leaflet aims to guide you on how to use elbow crutches on the stairs. Your elbows should be bent slightly to about thirty degrees. Adjust the handgrip height so the elbow bends slightly when your child is standing relaxed. Step up with your non-affected leg while leaving your crutches on the step below. Walking . Fitting Your Crutches • Adjust your crutches for your height. Learning to climb up and down stairs on your crutches will take a fair bit of practice in the presence of a friend. This prevents you from locking your wrist or elbow joint as you use the crutch. Your elbows should be slightly bent when holding the grips. 1. It withstands weight of upper portion of body. 2. This will help prevent dizziness and fainting. When you walk, the pressure should be on your hands, NOT your armpits. Stand straight. The first thing to remember when climbing stairs with crutches or a cane is always go up with your good leg, and down with your bad leg. This design prevents damage to nerves and blood vessels under the arm. If used correctly, crutches can accelerate the healing of certain injuries by reducing potentially detrimental weight bearing forces during walking or standing. In the U.S., forearm crutches are typically recommended for long-term or permanent disabilities, but more people are starting to use them for short-term injuries as well. Lead with your unaffected leg 2. When using crutches, put your weight on your arms and hands. Watch out for wet surfaces and objects in your way. Then it is necessary to act in this way: Reach the railing, put one hand on them. Sitting Down To sit down, place both crutches in one hand holding the hand grips together and reach for the chair with your other hand to lower yourself slowly. The crutches are the correct length if there is a 2 to 3 … Here are 10 tips that will help you maneuver better. Walking with your crutches. Push down hard on the crutches with your arms. If there is a handrail, use it. At first, using crutches may seem difficult. It will take a little bit of time to get used to using the crutches, so don’t be worried if it feels difficult at the beginning. • Make sure your elbows are slightly bent. This means your wrist and elbow should be slightly bent when placing the hand on the hand grip. These are more commonly used in Canada and Europe. Go up and down stairs and ramps slowly, and stop to rest when you feel tired. Walk slowly and carefully with crutches. Your elbows should bend a bit when you use the handgrips. You can hold your other crutch in your hand or ask someone to carry it for you You can complete the stairs with 2 crutches or on your bottom if you find this easier Your crutch/’s always stay with your affected leg Going up: 1. Use your crutches only on firm ground. When used properly, weight is placed in the handgrip and not in the armpit. Page 2 Your weight bearing status is _____ Weight Bearing for ___ weeks. The top of the crutch should be 1 to 2 inches below your armpit. The medical professional that you see will tell you how much weight you can put through your affected leg and which of the techniques below you should use to move around. Step up with your good foot, bring your injured foot up, then put your weight on the crutches. Try to take some weight through the arms while the good leg is off the ground. Hold the rail with one hand and both crutches in the other. Proper Positioning. Stand on both legs and move the crutches one pace forward. Lean forward slightly and put your crutches about one foot ahead of you. Your elbows should be slightly bent when you hold the handgrips. How to walk with elbow crutches: 1. Hold the railing with your free hand and stand close to the rail. Don’t twist. You should not try to hold your body weight with your armpits, as you can cause nerve damage. Using Your Elbow Crutches Full , Protected and Partial Weight Bearing. Standing Up To stand up, hold both crutches by the hand grips in one hand and push up with the other hand on the chair. Place the top of the crutches under your arms. To turn, take small steps. The 4 point gait is used where partial weight-bearing is possible. This crutch is for one hand use. How to Use Crutches . Precautions for using stairs. You have been provided with elbow crutches to help you walk safely whilst allowing you to protect the injured leg. It is advisable that the second support bears the assistant. If you go up stairs without a railing, place a crutch under each arm. Support your weight with your hands. Keep crutches down on lower level and do not place upward on the steps. Walking. As you walk, move the walker one step ahead holding on to the top of the walker. 3. The unhealthy leg and the two crutches move in sync and the other leg follows behind. But now you're faced with a new challenge: climbing stairs. You may want to ask a partner to help you the first few times you take the stairs since it can be tricky to keep your balance. Remove the crutch nearest to the handrail/banister and place it on the outside in the opposite hand. This allows healing to take place in the absence of further tissue damage, thereby accelerating recovery. If you haven't already discussed it with your doctor or physical therapist, this article will teach you the basics of climbing stairs … So you've gotten used to walking on crutches while your broken or otherwise injured leg/foot is healing. 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