Following the Jamaican Maroons and Barbadian rebels, Afro-Caribbean immigrants settled in Freetown, Sierra Leone and in settlements across the Freetown peninsula throughout the course of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as missionaries, artisans and colonial officials such as the Porter family from Jamaica. More than 1200 volunteered to settle and establish the new colony of Freetown, which was established by British abolitionists under the Sierra Leone Company. Either way, education is very important to Krios. The Recaptives intermarried with the Settlers and Maroons, and the two groups became a fusion of African and Western societies. After Britain and the United States abolished the international African slave trade beginning in 1808, they patrolled off the continent to intercept illegal shipping. The Liberated Africans were multi-ethnic and were largely Akan, Aja, Ewe, Bacongo, Angolan, Wolof, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Bambara, Nupe, and Fulani people who had been enslaved by illegal slave traders. the sierra leone krio people are descendants of freed african american, west indian and liberated african slaves who settled in the western area of sierra leone between 1787 and about 1885. krio descendent union south eastern pennsylvania chapter are the direct descendents of the sierra leonean krios from freetown, sierra leone. In Sierra Leone they were called the Nova Scotians or "Settlers" (the 1787 Settlers were called the Old Settlers). Krios are actually one of the most educated groups in Sierra Leone. However, on April 9th 1787, 411 Black American, African, Caribbean, and a few Bengalis (collectively called the ‘Black Poor’) set sail for Sierra Leone. The Krios are descendants of freed African American, West Indian and Liberated African slaves who settled in the Western Area of Sierra Leone. Email: Some of these early settlers had been freed earlier and worked as servants in London. Robinson, the founder of the Krio Descendants Union. [16][17][18], According to some scholars, the only Sierra Leonean ethnic group whose culture is similar (in terms of its embrace of Western culture) are Westernized members of the Sherbro people. Ashobis, (parties) at which every guest is expected to wear the same type of materials, are held on the day of the wedding or some days after, for newlyweds. Creole ceremonies such as birth ceremonies, marriages, and funerals are a British oriented but are also a blend of both European and African cultural tenets. Among some Creole families, when someone dies, pictures in the house are turned toward the wall and all mirrors or reflecting surfaces covered. Creole traditional wedding attire is a morning suit or lounge suit for the bridegroom and Creole women wear the traditional white wedding dress. Krio is the most widely spoken language in Sierra Leone and is native to the Creoles who are freed slaves from Britain, The United States and West Indies. Prayer Points * Scripture Prayers for the Krio, Aku in Gambia. The British had transported more than 3,000 freedmen to Nova Scotia for resettlement, together with white Loyalists. Sierra Leonean Creole or Krio is an English-based creole language that is lingua franca and de facto national language spoken throughout the West African nation of Sierra Leone. This misunderstanding became violent, when in 1801, the Temne attacked Freetown. The next day the body is washed, placed in shrouds (burial cloths), and laid on a bed for a final viewing. At the wake held before the burial, people clap and sing "shouts"(negro spirituals) loudly to make sure the corpse is not merely in a trance. Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor, Zion Methodist Church, Wilberforce Street, "Sierra Leone 2015 Population and Housing Census National Analytical Report", "Regent / Regent, Western Area, Sierra Leone, Africa", Krio of Sierra Leone: An Interpretive History in ... - Akintola G. Wyse, African Americans in the Revolutionary War,, Sierra Leonean people of European descent, Repatriated slaves of African American descent, North American people of African-American descent, Sierra Leonean people by ethnic or national origin, Short description is different from Wikidata, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Krios of Sierra Leone includes contemporary objects from the collections of Krio Londoners as well as 19th century objects related to British colonial rule in Sierra Leone from the museum’s collections. However, subsequent African American and Afro-Caribbean settlers continued to influence Creole architectural styles. Freetown Homecoming in 1792 (Google Images). The Maroons were not the only Caribbean settlers and West Indian soldiers from the 2nd and 4th West India Regiments were also stationed and disbanded in Sierra Leone. The settlers called their new settlement Freetown. Watch and learn a little about the Krio people of Sierra Leone. One day the villagers were preparing a feast. 2 freed peoples arrived in Freetown.2 Some of these individuals were then forcefully relocated to Gambia and the West Indies or enlisted in the imperial army, but others remained in Sierra Leone and worked in agriculture and the urban economy.3 These freed peoples, or “liberated Africans,” who settled in Freetown became known as Creoles or Krios.4 As British colonialism intensified They built a new settlement called ‘Freetown’ which was the basis for the new Colony of Sierra Leone that eventually encompassed Granville Town. [4] They are also Christian. The Creoles as a class developed close relationships with the British colonial power; they became educated in British institutions and advanced to prominent leadership positions in Sierra Leone under British colonialism. After that time, they were called the "Old Settlers". Creole church attendees congregate at traditional 'Creole' churches such as St. George's Cathedral, Freetown, Trinity Church, Freetown, St John's Maroon Church, Ebenezer Methodist Church, Rawdon Street Methodist Church, and Zion Methodist Church, Wilberforce Street. Sometimes if a child's parents died, the young Recaptive would be adopted by a Settler or Maroon family. Prominent Creole Anglicans include Edward Fasholé-Luke and included Creoles such as Arthur Thomas Porter, Canon Harry Sawyerr and Robert Wellesley-Cole. The Maroons mainly descended from highly military skilled Ashanti slaves who had escaped plantations and, to a lesser extent, from Jamaican indigenous people. Krio Descendants United of California, or KDUnited of California for short, was formed in September of 2014 by a group of 12 Sierra Leoneans in Southern California who saw the need to come together during the Ebola epidemic to help the suffering people in Sierra Leone. Creoles have christening and baptismal ceremonies but also have a naming ceremony or "pull na doh" on the seventh day following the birth, which is held to celebrate the birth of a new born. Creoles have inherited a wide range of proverbs and folktales, including anansi stories, from their multi-ethnic ancestors including the Jamaican Maroons and the Akan and Ewe Liberated Africans. [9] However, enough survived to establish and build a colony. Also included were a few dozen White women, likely wives and girlfriends though they are traditionally depicted as London prostitutes! [citation needed], The Creole homeland is a mountainous, narrow peninsula on the coast of west Africa. [citation needed], Sierra Leone Creoles typically eat three meals a day, the largest in the morning or near midday. About 64 survived to establish the second Granville Town following the failed first attempt at colonization between 1787 and 1789. Prayer Points * Scripture Prayers for the Krio, Creole in Sierra Leone. Krio was strongly influenced by British English, Gullah, African American Vernacular English, Jamaican Creole, Akan, Igbo and Yoruba.[4]. Although initially there was no hostility between the two groups, after King Tom's death the next Temne chief retaliated for a slave trader's burning of his village. The Krios of Sierra Leone historic links to Britain began with Britain’s part in that heinous ‘Slave Trade’– for the ethnic group called ‘Krios’ are descendants of various African American, Caribbean, and African ex-slaves and freemen who the British resettled in Africa in the modern day West African country of Sierra Leone.Here is their story: the Black Poor, the Nova Scotians, the Maroons and Recaptives) make up the unique ethnic group known as the ‘Krios’. [citation needed]. The Temne ransacked Granville Town and took some Black Poor into slavery, while others became slave traders. The dispute with the Temne was over "rent" which the Temne felt they were owed by the colony. “The Black Poor and the Founding of Granville Town” [citation needed]. Creole wedding ceremonies involve the "Gej" or "Put Stop" an elaborate Shakespearean performance in which the hand of the bride is asked for, following the appearance of several 'roses.' [14] Held on slave ships for sale in the western hemisphere, they were liberated by the Royal Navy, which, with the West Africa Squadron, enforced the abolition of the international slave trade after 1808. While the Settlers, Maroons, and transatlantic immigrants gave the Creoles their Christianity, some of their customs, and their Western influence, the Liberated Africans modified their customs to adopt those of the Nova Scotians and Europeans, yet kept some of their ethnic traditions. Some were Black Loyalists who were either evacuated or travelled to England to petition for a land of their own; Black Loyalists had joined British colonial forces during the American Revolutionary War, many on promises of freedom from enslavement.[8]. After the religious services, the settlement was officially established and was designated Freetown. Sharp also conceived the idea of founding a ‘Province of Freedom’ in Africa for their resettlement. The next arrivals were the Jamaican Maroons; these maroons came specifically from Cudjoe's Town (Trelawny Town), one of the five Maroon cities in Jamaica. Despite their dilapidated appearance, some of the remaining traditional Creole board houses have a distinctive air, with dormers, box windows, shutters, glass panes, and balconies. Alongside the Americo-Liberians, they are the only recognised ethnic group of African-American,[20] Liberated African, and West Indian descent in West Africa.